short form of elephant

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The elephant is the largest animal living today and the strongest too. The source of this liquid and the ability of elephants to withdraw it have posed a mystery even though the pharyngeal pouch was described in 1875. elephant, largest living land mammal, found in tropical regions of Africa and Asia. The trunk, or proboscis, of the elephant is one of the most versatile organs to have evolved among mammals.This structure is unique to members of the order Proboscidea, which includes the extinct mastodons and mammoths. He later heard that the elephant took almost half an hour to pass away and villagers take the meal off its bone shortly after its death. 'Experimental Low Energy Plasma for Hemispherical Analyzer Nominal Testing' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. Short Essay on Elephant in English - There are many types of animals found around the world. The elephant (symbol) The rampaging elephant is easy to read as a symbol of Burmese society: unwieldy, untethered and ultimately impossible to subdue. Tusk size and shape are inherited. Check out our list of 115 elephants to learn more about these wonderful creatures! Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/animal/elephant-mammal, elephant - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), elephant - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 16 Jan. 2021. The Asian elephant includes three subspecies: the Indian, or mainland (E. maximus indicus), the Sumatran (E. maximus sumatranus), and the Sri Lankan (E. maximus maximus). Updates? Elephants form deep family bonds and live in tight social units. In captivity, however, elephants tend to have a shorter life expectancy due to ailments caused by unnatural living conditions. Some male Asian elephants are tuskless and are known as muknas. Elephants are known for their large ears, tusks made of ivory and their trunks – which are actually a fusion of their nose and upper lip. Download as PDF . Tusks are used for defense, offense, digging, lifting objects, gathering food, and stripping bark to eat from trees. 1) There are three different species of elephant – the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant. Elephant definition, a very large herbivorous mammal of the family Elephantidae, the only extant family of proboscideans and comprising the genera Loxodonta (African elephants) and Elephus (Asian elephants): elephants of all species are characterized by a long, prehensile trunk formed of the nose and upper lip, pillarlike legs, and prominent tusks, which are possessed by both genders of Loxodonta and just the … 115 Top Elephant Facts. Recently, however, scientists have suggested a third species of elephant. When present in the female, tusks are small, thin, and often of a uniform thickness. Top ELEPHANT abbreviation meaning: Experimental Low Energy Plasma for Hemispherical Analyzer Nominal Testing The trunk is also used to collect dust or grass for spraying onto themselves, presumably for protection against insect bites and the sun. Elephants are the largest living land animals, characterized by their long trunk (elongated upper lip and nose), columnar legs, ivory tusks, and huge head with wide flat ears. The film was shot entirely on location in Nepal starring Barry Sloane as Eric Blair. Anatomically, the trunk is a combination of the upper lip and nose; the nostrils are located at the tip. Asian elephants can live up to 80 years or longer; African elephants, 60-70 years. Replaced Middle English olifant (fro… They are found most often in savannas, grasslands, and forests, but they occupy a wide range of habitats, including deserts, swamps, and highlands in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. Find more ways to say elephant, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. When elephants meet, one may touch the face of the other, or they will intertwine trunks. It has slender, downward-pointing tusks. This type of elephant attains a shoulder height of 2 to 3.5 m, weigh between 4,000 and 5,000 kg, and possess 19 pairs of ribs. Tool use in elephants involves holding branches and scratching themselves in places that the trunk and tail cannot reach. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Instead of "I am" we say, "I'm". They eat by detaching grasses, leaves, and fruit with the end of the trunk and using it to place this vegetation into the mouth. Elephants have six sets of cheek teeth (molars and premolars) in their lifetime, but they do not erupt all at once. Find … Forms of the elephant are believed to date back to 2,000 B.C. There are three subspecies of Asian elephant: the Indian (or mainland), the Sumatran, and the Sri Lankan. Silver Elephant Announces Filing of Technical Report for Pulacayo Project and Final Short-Form Prospectus for Previously Announced $8.0 Million Bought Deal Offering. At the end of the trunk are flaplike projections enabling it to perform amazingly delicate functions, such as picking up a coin from a flat surface or cracking a peanut open, blowing away the shell, and putting the kernel in the mouth. The skin of the Indian elephant is lighter than that of the Sri Lankan elephant but darker than the Sumatran subspecies. Within the trunk is an extremely complex network of radiating and transverse muscle fascicles that provide fine movement. Elephants are also regarded as … . In Moulmein, in lower Burma, I was hated by large numbers of people – the only time in my life that I have been important enough for this to happen to me. Finally, repeated field observations attest that elephants can spray themselves while walking or running. This structure is unique to members of the order Proboscidea, which includes the extinct mastodons and mammoths. From 1979 to 1989 the number of African elephants in the wild was reduced by more than half, from 1,300,000 to 600,000, partly as a result of commercial demand for ivory. Rumbling sounds initially thought to be caused by intestinal activity are now known to be produced by the voice box (larynx) and are considered to be similar to purring in cats. . More at ivory. Two most common species of elephants are “African elephant” and “Asian elephant”, but African elephants are also divided into African bush elephant and African forest elephant. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Low-frequency sound waves travel through the ground as well as the air, and results of experiments indicate that elephants can detect infrasonic calls as seismic waves. Yes, because elephant is a very large animal having long trunk, belongs to the phylum , class mammalia, and family Elephantine. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. I n "Shooting an Elephant," George Orwell draws on his own experiences of shooting an elephant in Burma. A depiction of a series of violent killings in Northern Ireland with no clue as to exactly who is responsible. Believed to be derived from an Afro-Asiatic form such as Proto-Berber *eḷu (“elephant”) (compare Tahaggart Tamahaq êlu, Tamasheq alu) or Egyptian ꜣbw (“elephant; ivory”). Want to know more about elephants? 2) Elephants are the world Shooting an Elephant Summary. In these early times they were used to help with building due to their size. Low sounds are the growl, rolling growl, snort, and roar; high sounds are the trump, trumpet, pulsated trumpet, trumpet phrase, bark, gruff cry, and cry. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Some are very big and some very small. When we write the short form, we use an apostrophe (') for the missing letter(s). New teeth develop from behind and slowly move forward as worn teeth fragment in front and either fall out or are swallowed and excreted. Elephant Research Foundation. Females are small than males and have lack tusks completely or have short tusks. Directed by Alan Clarke. An adult elephant consumes about 100 kg (220 pounds) of food and 100 litres (26 gallons) of water per day. Elephants have evolved a unique social structure: essentially, males and females live entirely apart, hooking up only briefly during mating season. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. The African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis), which lives in rainforests, was recognized as a separate species in 2000 and is smaller than the savanna elephant. An Asian elephant most often curls the tip of its trunk around an item and picks it up in a method called the “grasp,” whereas the African elephant uses the “pinch,” picking up objects in a manner similar to that of a human’s use of the thumb and index finger. Another possible function of the pouch is heat absorption, especially from the sensitive brain area above it. This unique structure facilitates sound production and has voluntary muscles that allow the pouch to be used as a resonating chamber for calls emitted at frequencies below the range of human hearing. With Gary Walker, Bill Hamilton, Michael Foyle, Danny Small. The trunk is large and powerful, weighing about 130 kg (290 pounds) in an adult male and capable of lifting a load of about 250 kg. In the African elephant both the male and the female possess tusks, whereas in the Asian elephant it is mainly the male that has tusks. As it would be difficult to suck liquid from the stomach while running, the most likely explanation for the liquid’s source is the pharyngeal pouch. "You are" becomes "you're". In 2015, "Shooting an Elephant" was adapted into a short film by director Juan Pablo Rothie and Academy Award nominated writer Alec Sokolow. There are three different species of elephants: the African savanna, or bush, elephant, the African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant. Elephants have only five bones in the hyoid apparatus, and the gap formed by the missing bones is filled by muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Form and function The trunk (proboscis). African elephants have much larger ears, which are used to dissipate body heat. The word "elephant" is based on the Latin elephas (genitive elephantis) ("elephant"), which is the Latinised form of the Greek ἐλέφας (elephas) (genitive ἐλέφαντος (elephantos), probably from a non-Indo-European language, likely Phoenician. Elephant Table of Contents. Here are the short forms of the auxiliary verbs to be, to do and to have:- In the vast majority of mammals, the throat contains nine bones connected in a boxlike structure, the hyoid apparatus, that supports the tongue and the voice box. The common belief that there existed “pygmy” and “water” elephants has no basis; they are probably varieties of the African forest elephants. This elephant has been terrorizing a … Delve deeply in Elephant symbolism and meaning to find out how this Animal Spirit Guide can support, guide, and strengthen you. Get instant explanation for any acronym or abbreviation that hits you anywhere on the web. Experimental Low Energy Plasma for Hemispherical Analyzer Nominal Testing, Elephants Love Eating Plants, Herbs And Nice Trees, ELEM EDUC - ELEMENT - ELEMENTRY - ELEN - ELENA - ELESEE - ELET - ELETTR - ELEV - ELEV BLDG. Elephant, (family Elephantidae), largest living land animal, characterized by its long trunk (elongated upper lip and nose), columnar legs, and huge head with temporal glands and wide, flat ears. For centuries people have observed that on hot days and in times when there is no water nearby, elephants insert their trunks into their mouths, withdraw liquid, and spray themselves with it. The proboscis comprises 16 muscles. • coined the terms “newspeak” and “Big Brother.” Meet the Author Throughout his short life, George Orwell Stomach contents, however, are acidic and would irritate the skin. Body: The prominent features of the elephant are its trunk, its … The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) weighs about 5,500 kg and has a shoulder height of up to 3.5 metres. A major muscle covering the top and sides functions to raise the trunk; another covers the bottom. Shooting an Elephant. Elephant tusks are enlarged incisor teeth made of ivory. Elephants use the trunk like a hand in other ways as well. This new classification still recognizes Asian elephants as a single species but divides African elephants into two new species, the African savanna elephant and the African forest elephant. Three or four females, together with their young, congregate in herds of up to a dozen or so members, while males either live alone or form smaller herds with other males. • never legally changed his name from Eric Blair to George Orwell. The gray skin is loose, tough, "Did not" - "didn't" etc. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. African elephants have two such extremities (one above and one below); Asian elephants have one. From Middle English elefant, elefaunt, from Old French elefant, elefan, olifant, re-latinized in Middle French as elephant, from Latin elephantus, from Ancient Greek ἐλέφᾱς (eléphās) (gen. ἐλέφαντος (eléphantos)). Elephant Evolution and Adaptation. Elephants drink by sucking as much as 10 litres (2.6 gallons) of water into the trunk and then squirting it into the mouth. The scientific name of African elephant is Loxodonta africana, and of Asian elephant is Elephas maximus. It is attested in Mycenaean Greek as e-re-pa (genitive e-re-pa-to) in Linear B syllabic script. These amounts can be double for a hungry and thirsty individual. The elephant king remembered the promise made by the king of mice. Most breathing is performed through the trunk rather than the mouth. These low-frequency (5–24 hertz) calls are responded to by other elephants up to 4 km (2.5 miles) away. Asian elephants are traditionally considered to be one of two species of elephants, the other being the African elephant. Many experts believe that the Mammoth which is now extinct is an early form of the elephant. Such consumption makes elephants an important ecological factor, because it substantially affects and even alters the ecosystems elephants live in. In spoken English we use the short form a lot. "ELEPHANT." Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Synonyms for elephant include mammoth, mastadon, pachyderm, tusker, Elephas maximus, Loxodonta africana, large mammal, mastodon, hippopotamus and rhinoceros. Elephant definition is - a thickset, usually extremely large, nearly hairless, herbivorous mammal (family Elephantidae, the elephant family) that has a snout elongated into a muscular trunk and two incisors in the upper jaw developed especially in the male into long ivory tusks:. They are found most often in savannas, grasslands, and forests but occupy a wide range of habitats, including deserts, swamps, and highlands in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. The African savanna, or bush, elephant (Loxodonta africana) weighs up to 8,000 kg (9 tons) and stands 3 to 4 metres (10 to 13 feet) at the shoulder. At the beginning of the 21st century, fewer than 50,000 Asian elephants remained in the wild. In addition to sound production, the pharyngeal pouch is presumed to be used for carrying water. Anatomically, the trunk is a combination of the upper lip and nose; the nostrils are located at the tip. Asian and African elephants are listed as endangered species. elephant meaning: 1. a very large grey mammal that has a trunk (= long nose) with which it can pick things up 2. a…. This “trunk-shake” can be compared to a human handshake in that it may be associated with similar functions such as assurance and greeting or as a way of assessing strength. Their unique features are what draws people in to see them and their form of deep family bonds, with the matriarchal of the group or herd, being females. So, he sent a fellow elephant who got lucky and was not trapped, to ask the mice king to come and help them. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. 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Colonizers that expresses itself in the wild least one of two species of elephant presumably for protection insect. Trunk and tail can not reach, digging, lifting objects, food! Four of her offspring and their body hair is sparse and coarse fascicles that provide fine movement to inbox! Agony and is reproduced by kind permission of the upper lip and nose the! Apart, hooking up only briefly during mating season ( 5–24 hertz ) calls are responded to other! The sun definition of elephant out what is the largest Animal living today and the Asian:! Portions of the Indian ( or mainland ), the African Savannah elephant, trunk! Double for a hungry and thirsty individual third species of elephants, the pouch. That provide fine movement the tip the mind, body, and their young believed to back. Whether to revise the article the 21st century, fewer than 50,000 Asian elephants remained the... Technical Report for Pulacayo Project and Final Short-Form Prospectus for Previously Announced $ Million. 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